- give [giv]vt.gave, given, giving [ME given (with g- < ON gefa, to give), yeven < OE giefan, akin to Ger geben < IE base * ghabh-, to grasp, take > L habere, to have: the special Gmc sense of this base results from its use as a substitute for IE * dō- (as in L dare, to give)]1. to turn over the possession or control of to someone without cost or exchange; make a gift of2. to hand or pass over into the trust or keeping of someone [to give the porter a bag to carry, to give a daughter in marriage]3. to hand or pass over in exchange for something else; sell (goods, services, etc.) for a price or pay (a price) for goods, services, etc.4. to relay; pass along [to give regards to someone]5. to produce in a person or thing; cause to have; impart [to give pleasure, to give someone a cold]6. to confer or assign (a title, position, name, etc.)7. to act as host or sponsor of (a party, dance, etc.)☆ 8. to put in communication with, as by telephone9. to be the source, origin, or cause of; produce; supply [cows give milk]10.a) to part with for some cause; sacrifice [to give one's life for a cause]b) to devote to some occupation, pursuit, etc. [to give one's life to art]11. to concede; yield [to give a point in an argument]12. to offer or yield (oneself) to a man for sexual intercourse13. to show; exhibit [to give every indication of being a fool]14. to put forward for acceptance or rejection; offer; proffer [to give a suggestion]15.a) to perform [to give a concert]b) to introduce or present (a speaker, the subject of a toast, etc.)16. to make (a gesture, movement, etc.) [to give a leap]17. to perform (a physical act) [to give someone a hug, kiss, etc.]18. to administer or dispense (medicine, etc.)19. to utter, emit, or produce (words, sounds, etc.); put in words; state [to give a reply]20. to inflict or impose (punishment, sentence, etc.)vi.1. to make gifts or donations; contribute2. to bend, sink, move, break down, yield, etc. from force or pressure3. to be springy; be resilient4. to provide a view of, or a way of getting to, someplace; open: usually with on, upon, or onto [the window gives on the park]5. Informal to occur; happen: chiefly in the phrase what gives?6. Slang to abandon a claim, fight, etc.; give in or give upn.1. a bending, moving, sinking, etc. under pressure2. a tendency to be springy; resilience——————give and taketo exchange on an even basis——————give away1. to make a gift of; donate; bestow2. in a marriage ceremony, to present (the bride) ritually to the bridegroom☆ 3. Informal to reveal, expose, or betray——————give backto return or restore——————give forthto send forth; emit; issue——————give in1. to hand in2. to abandon a claim, fight, or argument; surrender; yield——————give it toInformal to punish; beat or scold——————give offto send forth or out; emit——————give or takeplus or minus [a price of $1.00, give or take a few cents]——————give out1. to send forth or out; emit2. to cause to be known; make public3. to distribute4. to become worn out or used up; fail to last——————give over1. to hand over2. to stop; cease3. to set apart for some purpose——————give to understand or give to believeto cause to understand (or believe, etc.)——————give up1. to hand over; turn over; surrender2. to stop; cease3. to admit failure and stop trying4. to lose hope for; despair of5. to sacrifice; devote whollySYN.- GIVE is the general word meaning to transfer from one's own possession to that of another; GRANT implies that there has been a request or an expressed desire for the thing given [to grant a favor ]; PRESENT implies a certain formality in the giving and often connotes considerable value in the gift [he presented the school with a library ]; DONATE is used especially of a giving to some philanthropic or religious cause; BESTOW stresses that the thing is given gratuitously and often implies condescension in the giver [to bestow charity upon the poor ]; CONFER implies that the giver is a superior and that the thing given is an honor, privilege, etc. [to confer a title, a college degree, etc. ]
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.